Keyword: cyclotron
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MOP002 MiniBEE - Minibeam Beamline for Preclinical Experiments proton, radiation, target, simulation 34
  • J. Reindl, G. Datzmann, G. Dollinger, J. Neubauer, A. Rousseti
    Universität der Bundeswehr Muenchen, Neubiberg, Germany
  • J. Bundesmann, A. Denker, A. Dittwald, G. Kourkafas
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • G. Datzmann
    Datzmann Interact & Innovate GmbH, München, Germany
  • A. Denker
    BHT, Berlin, Germany
  Spatial fractionated radiotherapy using protons, so-called proton minibeam radiotherapy (pMBT) was developed for better sparing of normal tissue in the entrance channel of radiation. Progressing towards clinical use, pMBT should overcome current technical and biomedical limitations. This work discusses a preclinical pMBT facility, currently built at the 68.5MeV cyclotron at the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin. The goal is to irradiate small animals using focused pMBT with a σ of 50µm, a high peak-to-valley dose ratio at center-to-center distance as small as 1mm and beam current of 1nA. A first degrader defines the maximum energy of the beam. Dipole magnets and quadrupole triplets transport the beam to the treatment room while multiple slits properly form the transverse beam profiles. A high magnetic field gradient triplet lens forms the minibeams in front of the target station and, scanning magnets are used for a raster scan at the target. An additional degrader, positioned close before the focusing spot and the target, further reduces the energy, forming a spread-out Bragg peak. A small animal radiation research platform will be used for imaging and positioning of the target.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2023-MOP002  
About • Received ※ 09 September 2023 — Revised ※ 14 September 2023 — Accepted ※ 25 September 2023 — Issue date ※ 29 September 2023
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TU1C03 An Experimental Setup for PIXE Analysis in a Medical Cyclotron at TENMAK-NUKEN radiation, detector, software, proton 142
  • G. Türemen, S. Bulut, U. Kaya, D. Porsuk, N.O. Serin, E. Yeltepe
    TENMAK-NUKEN, Ankara, Turkey
  Funding: Turkish Energy, Nuclear and Minerals Research Agency
A 30 MeV cyclotron is operated at TENMAK-NUKEN for producing medical radioisotopes with three beamlines and a fourth beamline is dedicated for research purposes. The minimum energy of extracted proton beam from cyclotron is 15 MeV. There is no facility in Türkiye for applying ion beam analysis techniques (IBA) currently. These techniques generally require 1-5 MeV proton beam energy. An energy degrader system was designed and installed on the R&D beamline for this purpose. The degrader system is capable of decreasing the energy down to 1 MeV with pA to uA current levels. A high vacuum irradiation chamber is designed and installed at the end of the beamline. The chamber has ports to install several types of detectors for different IBA techniques. This work includes the description of the setup and preliminary PIXE measurements.
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2023-TU1C03  
About • Received ※ 06 September 2023 — Revised ※ 08 September 2023 — Accepted ※ 14 September 2023 — Issue date ※ 17 September 2023
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WEP006 Development of Pepper-pot Emittance Monitor for High-intensity Ion Beam Accelerated by RIKEN AVF Cyclotron emittance, target, radiation, beam-transport 339
  • Y. Kotaka, N. Imai, K. Kamakura, Y. Sakemi, H. Yamaguchi
    CNS, Saitama, Japan
  • K. Hatanaka
    RCNP, Osaka, Japan
  • J. Ohnishi
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  At the Center for Nuclear Study of the University of Tokyo, the measurement of Electric Dipole Moment of Francium (Fr) is underway with the world highest precision. Fr is generated by nuclear fusion reaction by irradiating gold with oxygen ion beam accelerated by RIKEN AVF Cyclotron. The required beam intensity is 18 eµA or more. However, the average beam transport efficiency drops to be around 66 % as the beam intensity exceeds 10 eµA. To solve the problem, a pepper-pot emittance monitor (PEM) for high-intensity beams has been developed. Referencing the PEM used for the injection beams of AVF Cyclotron, we have developed three additional items. The first is reducing the radiation damage to a camera, which is placed away from the beamline. The distance between the camera and PEM is 2.2 m, and the average image position accuracy of 0.15 mm is achieved. The second is the angular accuracy suitable for the accelerated beam. The required angular accuracy is estimated to be less than 0.3 mrad. A beam test for the first and second items is planned. The third is a beam shutter system to prevent PEM from heating due to beam. The measurement time by the system reaches 0.27 seconds now.  
poster icon Poster WEP006 [2.250 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-IBIC2023-WEP006  
About • Received ※ 06 September 2023 — Revised ※ 08 September 2023 — Accepted ※ 14 September 2023 — Issue date ※ 29 September 2023
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)